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Test ID: BARTB Bartonella, Molecular Detection, PCR, Blood

Reporting Name

Bartonella PCR, B

Useful For

Aiding in the diagnosis of Bartonella infection when Bartonella DNA would be expected to be present in blood, especially endocarditis

Clinical Information

Bartonella henselae and B quintana are small, pleomorphic, gram-negative bacilli that are difficult to isolate by culture due to their fastidious growth requirements. B henselae has been associated with cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, peliosis hepatitis, and endocarditis. B quintana has been associated with trench fever, bacillary angiomatosis, and endocarditis.

 

The diagnosis of Bartonella infection has traditionally been made by Warthin-Starry staining of infected tissue and serology. However, these methods may be nonspecific or falsely negative, especially in the early stages of disease.

 

Evaluation of infected tissue or blood using PCR has been shown to be an effective tool for diagnosing Bartonella infection. Mayo Clinic Laboratories has developed a real-time PCR test that permits rapid identification of Bartonella species. The assay targets a unique sequence of the citrate synthase (gltA) gene present in Bartonella species.

Interpretation

A positive result indicates the presence of Bartonella species DNA.

 

A negative result indicates the absence of detectable Bartonella DNA, but does not negate the presence of the organism and may occur due to inhibition of PCR, sequence variability underlying primers or probes, or the presence of Bartonella DNA in quantities less than the limit of detection of the assay.

Analytic Time

2 days

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday, Wednesday, Friday

Clinical Reference

1. Karem KL, Paddock CD, Regnery RL: Bartonella henselae, B quintana, and B bacilliformis: historical pathogens of emerging significance. Microbes Infect 2000 August;2(10):1193-1205

2. Agan BK, Dolan MJ: Laboratory diagnosis of Bartonella infections. Clin Lab Med 2002 December;22(4):937-962

3. Maguina C, Gotuzzo E: Bartonellosis. New and old. Infect Dis Clin North Am 2000 March;14(1):1-22

4. Vikram HR, Bacani AK, Devaleria PA, et al: Bivalvular Bartonella henselae prosthetic valve endocarditis. J Clin Microbiol 2007 December;45(12):4081-4084

5. Lin EY, Tsigrelis C, Baddour LM, et al: Candidatus Bartonella mayotimonensis and endocarditis. Emerg Infect Dis 2010 Mar;16(3):500-503

Method Name

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

Specimen Type

Whole Blood EDTA


Advisory Information


BART / Bartonella Antibody Panel, IgG and IgM, Serum and/or Warthin-Starry tissue stain (PATHC / Pathology Consultation) should be considered if PCR is negative and there remains a strong suspicion of disease caused by these organisms.



Specimen Required


The high sensitivity of amplification by PCR requires the specimen to be processed in an environment in which contamination of the specimen by Bartonella species DNA is unlikely.

 

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Lavender top (EDTA)

Acceptable: Royal blue top (EDTA), pink top (EDTA), or sterile vial containing EDTA-derived aliquot

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions: Send specimen in original tube (preferred).


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.5 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Whole Blood EDTA Refrigerated (preferred) 7 days
  Ambient  7 days
  Frozen  7 days

Reference Values

Not applicable

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

87801

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
BARTB Bartonella PCR, B 16275-0

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
SRC98 Specimen Source 31208-2
56056 Bartonella PCR 16275-0

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Microbiology Test Request (T244) with the specimen.

Mayo Clinic Laboratories | Neurology Catalog Additional Information:

mml-CNS-Infections, mml-Pediatric