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Test ID: FS Fungal Smear, Varies

Reporting Name

Fungal Smear

Useful For

Detection of fungi in clinical specimens

Clinical Information

Many fungi in the environment cause disease in severely compromised human hosts. Accordingly, the range of potential pathogenic fungi has increased as the number of immunosuppressed individuals (persons with AIDS, patients receiving chemotherapy or transplant rejection therapy, etc) has increased.


Few fungal diseases can be diagnosed clinically; most are diagnosed by isolating and identifying the infecting fungus in the clinical laboratory.


Positive slides are reported as one or more of the following: yeast or hyphae present, organism resembling Blastomyces dermatitidis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Coccidioides immitis, Cryptococcus neoformans, or Malassezia furfur.

Reflex Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
TISSR Tissue Processing No, (Bill Only) No

Report Available

1 to 2 days

Day(s) Performed

Monday through Sunday

Clinical Reference

Lockhart SR, Diekema DJ, Pfaller MA: The epidemiology of fungal infections. In: Anaissie EJ, McGinnis MR, Pfaller MA, eds. Clinical Mycology. 2nd ed. Elsevier; 2009:1-14

Method Name

Calcofluor/KOH Stain

Specimen Type


Shipping Instructions

Specimen should arrive within 24 hours of collection.

Necessary Information

Specimen source is required.

Specimen Required

Specimen Type: Body fluid

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: Entire collection


Specimen Type: Bone marrow

Container/Tube: Sterile container, SPS/Isolator system, or green top (lithium or sodium heparin)

Specimen Volume: Entire collection


Specimen Type: Fresh tissue

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: Pea sized

Collection Instructions: Tissue should be placed in small amount of sterile saline or sterile water.


Specimen Type: Respiratory specimen

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: Entire collection


Specimen Type: Urine

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 2 mL

Collection Instructions: Collect a random urine specimen.



Fresh tissue or body fluid is the preferred specimen type instead of a swab specimen.


Specimen Type: Swab

Sources: Dermal, ear, mouth, ocular, throat, or wound

Container/Tube: Culture transport swab (noncharcoal) Culturette or Eswab

Specimen Volume: Swab

Collection Instructions:

1. Before collecting specimen, wipe away any excessive amount of secretion and discharge, if appropriate.

2. Obtain secretions or fluid from source with sterile swab.

3. If smear and culture are requested or both a bacterial culture and fungal culture are requested, collect a second swab to maximize test sensitivity.

Specimen Minimum Volume

Bone marrow or body fluid: 1 mL
Respiratory specimen: 1.5 mL
Any other specimen type: See Specimen Required

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Varies Refrigerated (preferred) 7 days
  Ambient  7 days

Reference Values


Test Classification

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information


87176-Tissue processing (if appropriate)

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
FS Fungal Smear 55305-7


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
FS Fungal Smear 55305-7


If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Microbiology Test Request (T244) with the specimen.

Mayo Clinic Laboratories | Neurology Catalog Additional Information:

mml-CNS-Infections, mml-Pediatric, mml-Spinal-Cord